IFE Conference Author Center

This space serves to support the scientific community of IFE Conference as a guidance environment for best practices and ethics in the scientific communication process.

Ethics for Authors

IFE Conference has the following guidelines that authors must adhere to for their contributions to be accepted in the conference and publication. These guidelines are based on the standards set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the Singapore Statement on Research Integrity

Responsibility of Co-authorship

An individual is considered an author of a contribution if they meet the following requirements:

  1. They have direct involvement in the conception and execution of the research outcome, including methods and processes.
  2. They have direct involvement in the writing, review, and final approval for publication by the IFE Conference team, including the quality and currency of the bibliographic references and citations in the contribution.

In the case of personnel who do not meet the aforementioned requirements but have provided criteria or support in the development of the presented scientific contribution, they should be acknowledged in the Acknowledgements section. If any author fails to meet these requirements or if an author who does meet the requirements is omitted from the contribution, it will be considered an ethical violation and the responsibility lies with the authors.

IFE Conference provides the CRediT classifications CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) for authors to identify the roles involved in conducting research and producing a scientific contribution for publication.

Contributions of Authors (CRediT)

ConceptualizationIdeas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
Data curation Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later re-use.
Formal analysis Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
Funding acquisitionAcquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.
InvestigationConducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
MethodologyDevelopment or design of methodology; creation of models.
Project administrationManagement and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
ResourcesProvision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
SoftwareAlgorithm development, software, platform, activities directly related to programming.
SupervisionOversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
ValidationParticipation in verifying the activities implicit in the research, with the aim of determining the reproducibility of the results and experiments.
VisualizationPreparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
Writing – review & editingPreparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.

Modification of Co-authorship

In the event of receiving a request to include or exclude any author from the contribution, a LETTER REQUEST FOR MODIFICATION OF CO-AUTHORSHIP must be submitted, stating the reasons and signed by all co-authors of the contribution. This process will be evaluated by the Editorial Team, and a response will be provided within a period of up to 72 business hours. The request should be made prior to the completion of the peer review process. No modification of co-authorship will be accepted after the peer review process has concluded, nor without the consent of all authors.

Name Change

IFE Conference accepts and supports authors who have changed their name, in accordance with it. In this case, the author must notify it via email and authorize the publication editor to update the author’s profile within the system. The email should be addressed to the primary contact of the publication. The author must provide their full name, email, current affiliation, and ORCID. The name change request will be handled with strict confidentiality between the author and the editor responsible for this activity.

Scientific Fraud and Plagiarism

Scientific fraud is considered the manipulation, falsification, or fabrication of data, images, or results to obtain false deductions, while plagiarism refers to the lack of acknowledgment of authorship over someone else’s data and work. In both cases, the IFE Conference team does not tolerate and takes a zero-tolerance stance against such actions.

In this regard, the authors are committed to fulfilling the following requirements:

  1. Properly cite both direct and indirect sources according to the author guidelines proposed by the IFE Conference.
  2. Submit original and unpublished scientific contributions.
  3. Submit contributions that are not part of classified research or are subject to conflicts of interest with societies, companies, institutions, and other centers.
  4. Ensure that the scientific contributions are authentic.
  5. Ensure that they have not engaged in plagiarism or scientific fraud.

Plagiarism is the undeserved and improper appropriation of another person’s work and intellectual property. It constitutes plagiarism when:

  • We do not cite the bibliographic reference.
  • We cite incorrectly.
  • We copy entire or partial texts under our authorship.
  • We omit the collaboration of other authors as co-authors.
  • We claim the ideas of a collaborative group as exclusively our own.

On the other hand, scientific fraud is the invention, modification, or manipulation of scientific results without the scientific method as the underlying process. It constitutes scientific fraud when:

  • We invent results and their respective methods, techniques, or processes.
  • We alter experiments, data, images, or texts.
  • We manipulate scientific evidence.
  • We falsify academic arguments and judgments.

The trust and recognition that the scientific community, as well as society, place in researchers to bring about improvements for humanity, should not be undermined by scientific fraud and plagiarism. It is the duty of researchers to present each scientific result with rigor and academic integrity. At the IFE Conference, we do not tolerate plagiarism or scientific fraud.

Experiment with Humans

In the case of research involving medical experiments with human subjects, IFE Conference adopts the ethical principles of the Helsinki Declaration of the World Medical Association.

Simultaneous or redundant publication

Contributions submitted to IFE Conference cannot be simultaneously submitted to other publication systems or conferences. Similarly, the contribution cannot redundantly present data or results that are already published elsewhere. Authors must wait for the rejection resolution of the contribution, resulting from an editorial or academic evaluation, before submitting it to another publication system.

Writing the sections of the contribution

Abstract: The abstract is a synthesis that provides a summary of the most relevant aspects of the scientific contribution. In this regard, and in coherence with the structure that scientific communication should follow, it is suggested to:

  • Write the abstract after completing the full writing of the contribution.
  • Organize the writing in an orderly manner, according to the sections of the contribution.
  • The abstract should provide general information about the main objective, the methodology employed, the most important results obtained, and the most relevant conclusions.
  • The abstract should be written in grammatically correct third-person singular form, e.g., “It was determined, was obtained, was used for this purpose,” among others.
  • Avoid including bibliographic references since it summarizes what has been done, not the meaning or development of the topic.
  • Respect the requested length, as there is always a concise way to convey the necessary information.

Tip: The abstract, like the title and keywords, serves to label and connect our research findings with the field of knowledge. It is the text that represents our research and is processed on the web. Whenever in doubt about its quality, consider whether it can be easily found and if it highlights the main results.
Methodology: This section describes how the research was conducted, including variables used, software employed, scale, processes, techniques, statistical sampling, location of the study, among others. Some requirements for writing an appropriate methodology section are:

  • Direct and strict relation to the objectives.
  • Select and describe the processes in detail.
  • Organize the presentation of the methodology from general to specific.
  • Present and describe the variables in the context of the research (conceptualization, operationalization, and indicators used for measurement).
  • Avoid introducing concepts to describe the method.
  • Keep records of data processing in case reviewers request them.
  • Refer to established models, methodologies, and techniques without the need for detailed explanations.

Tip: Avoid presenting methods, processes, or techniques indirectly related to the research. Also, avoid presenting statistical data without specifying the population size, confidence interval, and probability value. On the other hand, do not overuse statistics, especially to show significant differences.
Results: This section presents the obtained results without interpretation, focusing on what was achieved. This is the space to present data, figures, diagrams, and graphs. Some requirements for writing the results section are:

  • Ensure direct relevance to the objectives of the contribution; avoid presenting indirect results.
  • Each result should have a methodological basis, a process or technique that validates it, as there are no results without methodological support.
  • Present the results in an organized manner, according to the stated objectives and variables.

Tip: The results section is of primary importance, as it verifies whether the objectives were achieved and how (methodology). Avoid duplicating data in graphs and tables. Each graph and table should be accompanied by a descriptive title and header, respectively.
Discussion: This section represents the interpretative value of the research, discussing the significance of the results and their impact on the field of knowledge. It should be supported by a comparison with the existing scientific literature. Some requirements for writing the discussion section are:

  • Begin by presenting the novelty of the results in the disciplinary field.
  • Use updated and relevant literature references, particularly those used in the introduction section.
  • Do not hide data that differ from what is presented in the scientific literature.
  • Present the discussion in an organized manner, consistent with the results section.

Tip: The discussion section is one of the most challenging to write, as it requires contextualizing the results in the disciplinary field. It demonstrates the researcher’s scientific maturity and should convey that the research is current, novel, and necessary.
Introduction: This section demonstrates a deep understanding of the research problem, as well as recent published research and background information. It is important for the introduction to reflect why the research is conducted, what it resolves, how it contributes, and why it is important. It should also state the research objective. Some requirements for writing the introduction section are:

  • Present only the most recent relevant background information, avoiding excessive bibliographic references and focusing on those directly related to the presented research.
  • Avoid presenting various concepts related to the same aspect.
  • Do not extend the introduction with topics unrelated to the research.
  • Use specialized, scientific, and updated bibliographic references, which can also support the discussion.
  • Use the final paragraphs to present the research objective.

Tip: The introduction section, like the title and abstract, serves as metadata processed by web search engines. If poorly written, the contribution may not be found or read.
Title: The title should be left for the end, as it represents the label for our research. Some requirements for writing an appropriate title are:

  • Reflect the research outcome, such as model, methodology, characterization, etc.
  • Be concise but include the necessary information that characterizes the research.
  • Avoid acronyms and serial titles.
  • Propose multiple titles and share them with colleagues.
  • Do not end the title with a period, as titles do not require punctuation marks.

Tip: The title, along with the keywords and abstract, are metadata processed by web search engines. If poorly written, the contribution may not be discovered or read.
Keywords: Keywords can consist of single words or phrases. They can be based on the title or proposed as synonyms for the terms used in the title.

Tip: When writing keywords, consider how someone would search for your contribution on the internet. Think about the words they would enter in the search box.

Use of Persistent Identifiers

Persistent identifiers allow us to locate and consolidate our scientific productivity and attribute our intellectual property unambiguously. For researchers, it is necessary to use ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) as a unique alphanumeric code. ORCID connects with other established IDs, such as Scopus Author ID and ResearcherID (Web of Science). Generating an ORCID is a free process that can be done by accessing: https://orcid.org/signin